Hard to see, harder to count: Handbook on forced labour surveys

What is it?

This revised version of the "Hard to see, harder to count" handbook provides an updated set of tools for the design, implementation, and analysis of quantitative surveys on the forced labour of adults.

Hard to see, harder to count" handbook cover


Starting with an introductory discussion of legal and conceptual frameworks (Chapter 1), the handbook takes a researcher sequentially through all the key stages of a forced labour survey, from initial stakeholder consultations, the conduct of a preliminary scoping study, and the identification of the survey scope and research questions (Chapter 2), to the selection of the survey type and modality (Chapter 3), sample design (Chapter 4), questionnaire design (Chapter 5), fieldwork (Chapter 6) and finally to data analysis (Chapter 7). It also covers key ethical considerations across all these survey stages (Chapter 8). Chapter 9 offers specific guidance to researchers for the measurement of state-imposed forced labour. 

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